Bhutan is a small kingdom in the Himalayas, sandwiched between the two hugely populated countries China on north and India on south. We barely have seven hundred thousand populations, who carefully guard the ancient culture and unique traditions. Bhutan is guided by the country’s development philosophy which is famously pronounced as Gross National
Happiness (GNH). All development activities in Bhutan are driven by GNH, a pioneering vision that aims to improve the Happiness and well being of people. Currently Bhutan has more than 72% of forest coverage. Our constitution demands minimum 60% of Bhutan’s total land to be maintained under forest cover for all time. All the forests are pristine, that’s why Bhutan is few remaining global biodiversity hotspot in the world. We are only the carbon negative country among 208 countries in the world, which mean our forest absorbs more pollution than what we actually produce. We are delighted to share with you that Bhutan was awarded the Earth Award for our commitment toward responsible tourism and our approach to tourism development and management in ITB Berlin today among other 100 top such destinations/nominations.ITB Berlin provides a premium platform for global tourism with over 160,000 visitors attending/participating.
The cultural wealth of Bhutan is fathomless which is further blessed with exclusive Himalayan culture and traditions and the rustic beauty of the landscape with green valley’s stands out with great opulence attracting modern world. This Last Shangri La Kingdom is known for its unsurpassed natural beauty, scenic majesty and vibrant culture. Experiencing the sites, the people and the off beaten path we travel through the houses with brightly decorated window frame with squares of green paddy fields, unique architectural dzongs (fortresses)and monasteries with monks, fluttering prayer flags, Chortens (stupa) and prayer wheel turned by water. Natural beauty, mysteries, religion, vibrant culture, fast flowing glaciers rivers and perhaps most important of all genuine friendliness of the people are the main assets of Bhutan which leave a deep impression in your memory forever. Each moment is special as one discovers a country, which its people have chosen to preserve in all its magical purity.
Districts (Dzongkhag): 20
Area: 38,394 sq km
Time Zone: 6 hours ahead of GMT
Language: Dzongkha (official) English widely spoken
Currency: Ngultrum (Nu.)
Country Dialing Code: +975
The National flag is divided diagonally into two equal halves. The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the king while the lower saffron-orange symbolizes the practice of religion and the power of Buddhism, manifested in the tradition of Drukpa Kagyu. The dragon
signifies the name and the purity of the country while the jewels in its jeweled claws stand for the wealth and perfection of the country.
The national sport is the Archery (Dha). The bow and arrow play a significant role in many Bhutanese myths and legends; images of the gods holding a bow and arrows are considered especially favorable. Archery is played during religious and secular public holidays in Bhutan.
The National Emblem of Bhutan is a circle that projects a double diamond thunderbolt placed
above the lotus. There is a jewel on all sides with two dragons on the vertical sides. The
thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus
symbolizes purity. The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the dragons (male and female)
represent the name of the country DrukYul (Land of the Dragon).
The national bird is the raven. It adorns the royal crown. The raven represents the deity Gonpo
Jarodongchen (raven headed Mahakala), one of the chief guardian deities of Bhutan.
The national animal is the Takin (Burdorcastaxicolor) that is associated with religious history
and mythology. It is a very rare mammal with a thick neck and short muscular legs. It lives in
groups and is found above 4000 meters on the north-western and far north eastern parts of the
country. They feed on bamboo. The adult Takin can weigh over 200 kg.
The national flower is the Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis). It is a delicate blue or purple
tinged blossom with a white filament. It grows to a height of 1 meter, and is found above the tree
line (3500-4500 meters) on rocky mountain terrain.
The national tree is the cypress (Cupressustorolusa). Cypresses are found in abundance and one
may notice large cypresses near temples and monasteries. This tree is found in the temperate
climate zone, between 1800 and 3500 meters. Its capacity to survive on rugged harsh terrain is
compared to bravery and simplicity.